How many players in Hockey? - History, Rules & Regulations (2023)

Hockey is a sport in which two teams compete against each other by using a hockey stick to manoeuvre a ball or puck into the opponent's goal. Bandy, field hockey, ice hockey, and rink hockey are some of the different styles of hockey.

In most of the world, the name hockey refers to field hockey, although it commonly refers to ice hockey in Canada, the United States, Russia, and most of Eastern and Northern Europe. The word "hockey" was first mentioned in Richard Johnson's (Pseud. Master Michel Angelo) 1773 book Juvenile Sports and Pastimes, to Which Are Prefixed, Memoirs of the Author: Including a New Mode of Infant Education, whose chapter XI was titled "New Improvements on the Game of Hockey."

Field hockey, most popular in India is played with a small, hard ball of 73 mm (2.9 in) in diameter on gravel, natural grass, or sand-based or water-based artificial turf. In many parts of the world, including Europe, Asia, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and Argentina, the game is popular among both boys and ladies. In most nations, the game is played between single-sex teams, while mixed-sex teams can also compete.

(Video) hockey history, rules and regulations in telugu# hockey measurements#

The International Hockey Federation, which has 126 members, is the governing organisation (FIH). Except for 1912 and 1924, men's field hockey has been played at every Summer Olympic Games since 1908, while women's field hockey has been played since 1980.

Table of Contents

  • How many players are there in Hockey?
  • History of Hockey
  • Different Types of Hockey
  • Rules and Regulations
  • Frequently Asked Questions
  • The Bottom Line

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How Many Players Are There In Hockey?

Each side has eleven players: ten field players and one goalkeeper. Attackers, midfielders, defenders, and goalkeepers will make up the field formations, which may vary based on the coach's approach. The attackers are the ones who score the most goals. Wingers, inside forwards, and a striker are all possibilities. The most versatile players on the pitch are the midfielders. They are useful for both offence and defence. The defence is essentially the responsibility of the defenders. As a sweeper, the deepest defence back might be deployed. The goalie is the last line of defence and is responsible for defending the goal cage. Hence, more than the question of how many players in hockey are required, it’s about the strategic placement which we will talk about in subsequent paragraphs:

(Video) The Ultimate Guide to Hockey: History, Rules, and Popularity


These are the players who obtain the most points. They spend the majority of the game between midfield and the goalkeeper's post.


These are the group's multi-tasking runners, sometimes known as halfbacks or links. Their job requires them to play both offensive and defence, which requires them to sprint up and down the field switching between offence and defence. If you wish to play this position, you'll need a lot of stamina because you'll be running a lot.


These are the ones who are completely in the rear, as the term suggests. They won't be doing much scoring, but that's fine. It is their responsibility to play defence.


A coach may seek a slight advantage in the event of a goal being scored. While a sweeper is not required, it may be used by a team to provide additional insurance. A sweeper is a fullback who stays in the back of the rest of the fullbacks and is the closest player to their team's goalpost aside from the goalie.


Some may argue that this is the most crucial player on the team. It is the goalie's job to prevent the opposing team from scoring. To be a goalie, you must have quick reactions and the ability to communicate defensive strategy with your colleagues.

(Video) The History of the NHL

History Of Hockey

The origin of the word hockey is unknown. One theory is that it comes from the Middle French term “hoquet”, which means "shepherd's stave." The curved, or "hooked" ends of hockey sticks would have looked quite similar to these staves. Another theory is based on the fact that cork bungs (stoppers) are commonly used to play the game instead of hardwood balls. The stoppers originated from barrels of "hock" ale, sometimes known as "hockey" ale.

Games involving bent sticks and a ball can be found in many cultures' histories. In Egypt, 4000-year-old sculptures portray teams with sticks and a projectile; in Ireland, hurling dates from before 1272 BC; and in Ancient Greece, there is a depiction from around 600 BC, where the game may have been named kertzein since it was played with a horn or horn-like stick. For over 1,000 years, the Daur people of Inner Mongolia have played beikou, a game comparable to modern field hockey.

The majority of evidence for hockey-like games during the Middle Ages may be found in sports and game regulations. Certain sorts of ball sports were prohibited by the Galway Statute, which was enacted in Ireland in 1527. including games using "hooked" (written "hockie", similar to "hooky") sticks. Time is immemorial about how many players in hockey have come through these pages of history to be commemorated again and again!

The numerous forms and divisions of traditional games began to separate and merge into the individual sports defined today by the mid-nineteenth century. National and international entities sprung created to control internal and international competition, and organisations dedicated to the codification of rules and regulations began to arise. Modern-day hockey also additionally sports the use of various technology options and sporting gears, which makes it rank different from the past.

Different Types Of Hockey

  1. Bandy: Bandy is a ball game played on an ice rink the size of a football pitch (bandy rink), usually outdoors, with many rules similar to association football. In Russia and Sweden, it is a professional sport. The Worldwide Olympic Committee recognises the sport, and the Federation of International Bandy is its international regulating organisation. Bandy originated in England in the 19th century, was originally known as "hockey on the ice," and expanded throughout Europe around 1900; a comparable Russian sport can also be considered a precursor, and bandy is frequently referred to as "Russian hockey" in Russia. Since 1957, men's bandy world championships have been held, while women's bandy world championships have been held since 2004.
  2. Field hockey: Modern field hockey sticks are J-shaped, with a curved hook at the playing end, a flat surface on the playing side, and a curved surface on the backside, and are made of a composite of wood, glass fibre, or carbon fibre (sometimes both). Right-handed sticks are required; left-handed sticks are not authorised. While field hockey as we know it now first originated in mid-eighteenth-century England, primarily in schools, it was not widely adopted until the first half of the nineteenth century. The first club was founded in Blackheath, south-east London, in 1849. Pakistan's national sport is field hockey and it was India’s too until the Ministry of Youth Affairs outrightly declined to affirm it as the National sport in 2012.
  3. Ice hockey: Ice hockey is a sport in which two teams of skaters compete on a wide flat expanse of ice with a three-inch (76.2 mm) diameter vulcanised rubber disc known as a puck. Before high-level games, this puck is frequently frozen to reduce the amount of bouncing and friction on the ice. The game is popular in North America, Europe, and many other nations throughout the world to varying degrees. In Canada, Finland, Latvia, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia, it is the most popular sport. Ice hockey is Latvia's national sport and Canada's official winter sport. Ice hockey is played by people of all ages at various levels.
  4. Roller hockey: Inline hockey is a type of roller hockey that is closely related to ice hockey, from which it derives. Inline hockey is played on a dry rink divided into two halves by a centre line, with one net at each end, by two teams of four skaters and one goalkeeper. The game is split into three 15-minute sections, with an off-side regulation similar to that of ice hockey. Icings are sometimes known as unlawful clearing, but they are most commonly referred to as icings.

Rules & Regulations

Here is a brief of 10 main rules of hockey as listed below:

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  1. Only the flat side of your stick may be used.
  2. You must be appropriately attired, including shin protection, mouth guards, and no jewellery, among other things.
  3. A total of ten field players and a goalkeeper are on the pitch at the same time.
  4. The field hockey game is divided into two 30-minute halves.
  5. Substitutions - the field player must leave the field at the 50-yard line before the new player can enter.
  6. The ball must not be allowed to fly, especially on free hits. The ref's judgment is used to determine this. A shot on goal is an exemption, as long as no player is in the direct path of the ball and no one is in danger.
  7. Begin on your own. You cannot hit into the circle straight, whether it is a free hit or a long hit. Before hitting the ball into the circle, you must pass it or carry it for 5 yards. You can take a direct hit, pass to one of your teammates, or carry the ball for 3 yards before striking it for free hits anywhere else on the field.
  8. A corner hit will be called whenever a foul happens in either team's circle.
  9. During typical play, you cannot raise your stick above your waist. It is up to the ref's judgment if you are taking a free hit.
  10. It is not possible to tackle (go for the ball) from behind. If you're fighting for the ball, you must face your opponent head-on (shoulder to shoulder).


  1. The ball cannot land on your feet.
  2. There will be no third-party involvement. At all times, it's one vs. one. A foul is called when another player tries to go for the ball.
  3. Obstruction — when you have your back to another player and you are in the way of the ball.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Who invented Indian hockey?

Between the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the British devised the first version of modern-day field hockey. It was introduced as a popular school game at the time, and during British administration in the 1850s, it was adopted by the Indian army.

2. What was hockey originally called?

The French word hoquet (shepherd's stick) has been credited to the name hockey, as the organised game has come to be known. The term rink was first used in the game of curling in 18th-century Scotland to refer to the designated playing area.

The Bottom Line

The craze for hockey has been rejuvenated off late with stupendous performances from the National team. With the fire ablaze, time is ripe for the young generation to seriously think of the sport and bring back the lost glory.

One of the key motivators will be the trivia that India still has the highest number of medals including gold medals from field hockey. Cricket has taken the upper hand while it comes to popularity, but time will definitely see hockey getting back the respect it always used to enjoy.

(Video) Why Is There Fighting In Hockey?


How many players are allowed in hockey rules? ›

How many players and teams are there on a hockey field? Only two teams of eleven players each are allowed on the field at once, ten field players and one goalie. However, there's an unlimited amount of times a team can sub in and out at any given time.

How many players have played in NHL history? ›

Individual Player Statistics: Complete and detailed game-by-game statistics for each of the 7,623 players who have competed in the NHL since 1917.

How many players were there in hockey? ›

There are 11 players on a team made up of a goalkeeper, defenders, midfielders and forwards. The only player on the field who is allowed to use their feet and hands as well as their stick is the goalkeeper.

What is Rule 42 NHL? ›

Rule 42 of the NHL rulebook dictates that charging "shall mean the actions of a player or goalkeeper who, as a result of distance traveled, shall violently check an opponent in any manner.

How many players can be on a USA Hockey roster? ›

A limit of twenty (20) players at any one time may be registered per team except for high school, girls' high school, college and women's college who may roster 30 players and may dress 20 players and, adult and women's teams who may roster 25 players and may dress 20 players.

How many NHL players are allowed on a roster? ›

Teams have four different “roster” limits to balance under the league's regulations; a 20-player “dressed list” for games, a 23-player active NHL roster, a 50-contract maximum, and a 90-player maximum reserve list.

Has a girl ever played in the NHL? ›

Tampa Bay Lightning goaltender Manon Rheaume uses her glove to make a save during her professional debut against the St. Louis Blues on Sept. 23, 1992, in Tampa, Fla. Rheaume was the first woman to play in one of four major pro sports leagues.

Who is considered the greatest hockey player of all time? ›

So, spoiler alert, Wayne Gretzky is No. 1 on our list. One could argue Gretzky actually belongs in the Hall of Fame in two categories – as a player and as a builder. Arguably, no single individual did more to grow the NHL game, on and off the ice, than Gretzky.

Has there ever been an NHL game without a penalty? ›

But in Game 7 of the Eastern Conference Finals, there was no special teams advantage to be had. There were no penalties called on either team, so the entire game was played at even strength.

How many players are in a hockey team including substitutes? ›

In hockey, each team has 11 players, including 10 field players and one goalkeeper. There are five substitutes on the bench and there is no limit to the number of times a player is allowed to be substituted.

Which game has 15 players? ›

The 15 players, arranged into ten different positions, are conventionally numbered from 1 to 15 (the standard terms of the International Rugby Board were used).

Which country invented ice hockey? ›

The modern game of hockey emerged in England in the mid-18th century and is largely attributed to the growth of public schools, such as Eton. The first Hockey Association was formed in the UK in 1876 and drew up the first formal set of rules.

Can you wear 69 in the NHL? ›

Fun fact: Desjardins and forward Melvin Angelstad (two games with the Washington Capitals in 2003-04) are the only players in NHL history to wear No. 69.

What is Rule 56 in hockey? ›

In 1922, the NHL introduced Rule 56, which formally regulated fighting, or "fisticuffs" as it was called in the official NHL rulebook. Rather than ejecting players from the game, as was the practice in amateur and collegiate hockey, players would be given a five-minute major penalty.

What is Rule 48 in the NHL? ›

Rule 48 formally appeared in the NHL rulebook for the 2010-11 season. Illegal checks to the head were now defined: "A lateral or blindside hit to an opponent where the head is targeted and/or the principal point of contact is not permitted."

How many players can be on the bench in hockey? ›

USA Hockey 2021-25 Official Rules of Ice Hockey

(b) A team may have up to four Team Officials on the players' bench. Only players in uniform and properly rostered Team Officials may occupy the players' bench.

Can you double roster in USA Hockey? ›

All roster decisions must be in compliance with USA Hockey and Wisconsin Amateur Hockey Association (WAHA) rules. SPYHA requirements regarding double rostering: 1. A skater may be double rostered on a team at a level immediately above their age-appropriate level.

How many players should be in ice hockey? ›

Players. A team must not have more than six players on the ice while play is in progress. Typically, these players are one goalkeeper, two defenders, two wings and one centre.

What is the rule for too many men in NHL? ›

Too many men on the ice is a bench penalty in ice hockey called when a team has more than the legal number of players (six, including the goalie, if not already short handed) on the ice at one time. This term is normally used even in women's ice hockey, although occasionally the word men may be replaced by players.

What is the minimum amount of players on a hockey team? ›

23-man Roster

Each Club must have a roster of at least 20 players, composed of 18 skaters and two goaltenders. Players on Injured Reserve do not count in the 23-man limit.

What is the minimum roster size in NHL? ›

For the majority of the regular season each NHL team must carry a minimum of 20 players and cannot exceed a maximum of 23 players. The number of roster spots expands after the NHL trade deadline and again in the playoffs, as well there are special emergency provisions for injuries.

How much do hockey refs make? ›

As of Feb 28, 2023, the average annual pay for a Hockey Referee in the United States is $34,041 a year. Just in case you need a simple salary calculator, that works out to be approximately $16.37 an hour. This is the equivalent of $654/week or $2,836/month.

Who is the only woman to ever play in an NHL game and who did she play for? ›

In 1992, goalie and Olympic silver medalist Manon Rheaume played for the Tampa Bay Lightning in an exhibition game against the St. Louis Blues, becoming the first female NHL player.

Can a woman play in the MLB? ›

Technically, there's no current rule banning women from playing or umpiring. In 1952, Major League Baseball actually did ban women from playing for any major-league or affiliated minor-league team. The ban was withdrawn 40 years later, and Melissa Mayeux became the first woman on MLB's international registration list.

Who is the most loved hockey player? ›

Wayne Gretzky

He widely is considered the greatest hockey player of all time. He played for 20 seasons in the NHL, setting numerous records and winning four Stanley Cups. Gretzky was named MVP a record nine times and was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 2000.

Which state has the most NHL players? ›


Why is 3 goals in hockey called a hat trick? ›

Though "hat trick" was used in some newspapers during the 1930s and early 1940s to describe a player scoring three goals in a game, the Hockey Hall of Fame says the genesis of the term came when a Toronto businessman named Sammy Taft promoted his business by offering a hat to any player who scored three goals during an ...

What are 4 goals in hockey called? ›

What is scoring 4 goals in hockey called? Scoring four goals in a hockey game is much less common than a hat trick. If a player scores four goals in a single game, it is sometimes referred to as a “Texas hat trick.” This term is less commonly used than a hat trick, and its origins are uncertain.

Who is the fastest to 70 points in the NHL? ›

Kucherov, who leads the NHL with 71 points (21 goals, 50 assists) hit the 70-point mark in his 43rd game of the season. That's 13 games faster than he did it in 2017-18, when he had 100 points (39 goals, 61 assists) in 80 games.

Has there ever been 3-on-3 in hockey? ›

On Oct. 8, 2015, the first 3-on-3 overtime was played between Tampa Bay and Philadelphia and hockey fans have been hooked ever since.

How many alternate captains can a hockey team have? ›

If the team does not have a captain, they can select up to three alternate captains. Playing coaches, playing managers, and goalies are not permitted to be captains or alternate captains. Team captains wear a “C” on their jerseys, while alternate captains wear an “A”.

How many players can be on a team including substitutes? ›

A match is played by two teams, each with a maximum of eleven players; one must be the goalkeeper.

What are the 5 rules of hockey? ›

Basic Rules
  • Legal teams are 5 skaters and a goalie. ...
  • All Leagues: Games are 30 minute straight play. ...
  • No over-time during the regular season; tie games will be recorded as such.
  • No slap shots (shots taken from above the waist) at all - not during warm-ups or games.
  • Offside & icing is called in the Granite League only.

What game has only 10 members? ›

Field hockey
Team members10 outfield players and 1 goalkeeper drawn from a squad of 17
TypeOutdoor and indoor
EquipmentHockey ball, hockey stick, mouthguard, shin guards and goalkeeper kit
5 more rows

Which game has 17 players? ›

List of all important Sports/Games Number of Players in Different Sports Team
S.N.Sports/Games NameNumber of Players
16Handball7 players
17Hockey11 players
18Ice Hockey6 players
19Kabaddi7 players
33 more rows
Sep 26, 2017

Which game has 18 players? ›


What was hockey originally called? ›

The origin of ice hockey was bandy, a game that has its roots in the Middle Ages. Just as for practically all other sports, the game of bandy achieved its modern form during the 19th century in England, more exactly in the Fen district on the East coast.

Who brought hockey to America? ›

These hockey-like games were brought to North America by British soldiers and other immigrants. Beginning in Nova Scotia in the early 1800s, hockey began to evolve into the team sport we know today. Today, Canada remains the country most closely-associated with hockey.

Where is ice hockey most popular? ›

Ice hockey is immensely popular in Canada, where it is the national winter sport and arguably the country's most popular game. Hockey is also popular in the United States and in European countries such as Russia, Sweden, and Finland. More than a million registered athletes play regularly in leagues worldwide.

How many players can be substituted during a hockey match? ›

Article 1. Each team is permitted to substitute from its players not on the field of play, and there is no limit to the number of substitutions a team is allowed at one time or throughout the game.

What is Rule 14D in the NHL? ›

There's just one problem. NHL Rule 14D states that “[n]o playing Coach or playing Manager or goalkeeper shall be permitted to act as Captain or Alternate Captain.”

What is Rule 201 in USA Hockey? ›

ANSWER: Rule 201. a in the USA Hockey Playing Rules states: “A team must start a game with a minimum of six players. Any time that a team has been reduced to less than four players, the game shall be declared a forfeit.

What does bully mean in hockey? ›

The term “bully” refers to a method used. by two opposing players to restart play. Once the ball is in play, it must be hit or touched by an attacking player's stick. within the striking circle of the goal cage so that the attacking team can score a goal or one point.

What's the maximum number of substitute players allowed? ›

According to the Laws of the Game, "the number of substitutes, up to a maximum of five, which may be used in any match played in an official competition will be determined by FIFA, the confederation or the national football association." Also: In national A team matches, up to a maximum of six substitutes may be used.

How many times can a team substitute a player in a set? ›

Each team is entitled to 15 substitutions per set. Each player is allowed unlimited entries within the team limit. 2. Each legal player entry will count as one of the allowable team substitutions.

Who invented the sport of hockey? ›

The development of the modern version of organized ice hockey played as a team sport is often credited to James Creighton. In 1872, he moved from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Montreal, bringing skates, hockey sticks, and a game with a basic set of rules with him.


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