The 10 Best Leather Shoes for Men - Next Luxury (2023)

When it comes to building your unique footwear collection, it’s no secret you should have a variety of options to choose from. Even if you’re a die-hard sneakerhead, you need to have a few other styles in your closet to switch up your look every now and again – after all, while skate shoes or cross-trainers maybe your comfortable go-to when it comes to footwear, we’re here to tell you leather shoes can be just as stylish and comfortable as your favorite kicks.

Leather shoes are definitely an investment worth making, and thankfully, the style isn’t just limited to stuffy dress shoes anymore. From classic trainers and desert boots to boat shoes and sleek, stylish oxfords, there’s something on this list for everyone. No matter what the event, be it a wedding, a night out on the town with your boys, or a casual day in the office, we’ve got you covered with the 10 best leather shoes for all occasions.

Best Buy

1. R.M. Williams Craftsman Chelsea Boot

The 10 Best Leather Shoes for Men - Next Luxury (1)

Check Price

If you’re looking for a pair of leather boots that’ll stand the test of time, then look no further than the R.M. Williams Craftsman Chelsea Boot. These babies feature elastic side panels for ultimate comfort and flexibility, pull tabs to help you slide them on effortlessly, a square toe for a modern look, and come in two classic colors that’ll surely match any item in your wardrobe: Chestnut Brown and Black.

These boots also boast a 1.3” heel, come in sizes 4-12, and are made of 100% leather. The best part about the R.M. Williams Craftsman Chelsea Boots is that they’re wildly versatile: you can wear them with your finest suits to give your formal wear an updated, sleek look, or you can pair them with skinny jeans to give your everyday style a classy upgrade.

2. Tod’s Lace-up Leather Shoes

The 10 Best Leather Shoes for Men - Next Luxury (2)

Check Price

Every dude needs a pair of classic, lace-up oxfords in their closet, and Tod’s Lace-up Leather Shoes are a timeless wardrobe staple that belongs in every guy’s shoe arsenal. “Handcrafted from leather using superior artisan techniques,” these faded brown leather kicks are perfect if you’re going for that laid-back yet classy Italian style, and feature a leather sole, branded insole, and of course, are made from 100% leather.

These lace-up shoes also feature an almond toe, a one-inch heel, and can be worn with pretty much any outfit to give it a stylish boost. If you’re feeling really daring, roll up your pants just above your ankles to really show off these classic oxfords – and hey, the weather’s getting warmer anyway, so you might as well try it!

3. Dr. Martens 1461 Leather Derby Shoes

The 10 Best Leather Shoes for Men - Next Luxury (3)

Check Price

Is there any shoe that’s more iconic than a pair of Dr. Martens? The brand’s 1461 Leather Derby Shoes have been a staple in the punk scene since the 70s, and nearly half a century later, they’re still in popular demand – and there’s a reason for that. Not only are they stylish and truly stand out in a sea of leather imposters, but they’re also pretty affordable, too.

Complete with a round toe, Dr. Martens’ signature yellow stitching, a stacked heel for a little bit of lift, and simple, three-eyelet lacing, the 1461 Leather Derby Shoes are a must-have for those with a refined punk or grunge style.

(Video) Ranking Men's RTW Shoes over $500 (28 BEST & WORST Brands!)

4. Timberland Leather Boat Shoes

The 10 Best Leather Shoes for Men - Next Luxury (4)

Check Price

This may not be a well-known fact, but you don’t actually have to own a boat to own boat shoes. These Timberland Leather Boat Shoes are perfect for warmer weather and look best with a pair of shorts that hit right above the knee for that laid-back, vacation vibe.

Made from 100% leather, these boat shoes come in a classic medium brown color and boast a round toe, flat rubber sole, leather lining, and front lace-up details. The height of the heel is just under an inch high, so you’ll get a subtle lift while you’re rocking these bad boys on your summer getaway – or just around your local brunch spot.

5. Birkenstock London Leather Shoes

The 10 Best Leather Shoes for Men - Next Luxury (5)

Check Price

When you think “Birkenstock,” the company’s classic, hippie-esque sandals likely spring into mind, but we’re here to tell you Birkenstock has more to offer than just your regular old slip-ons. The Birkenstock London Leather Shoe comes in a Habana brown, features a round toe, suede lining, brass buckle detail across the front, and an outer lining made of 100% calf leather for a comfortable fit.

If you’re looking for a comfy leather shoe that can be worn day in and day out, these puppies should definitely be in your shopping cart ASAP. Wear ‘em with jeans, linen pants, chinos, whatever – they’re incredibly versatile and will add a certain flair to your wardrobe.

See more about - The 10 Best Driving Shoes for Men in 2021

(Video) How To Wear A Leather Jacket For Men - 50 Styles

6. Clarks Desert Trek

The 10 Best Leather Shoes for Men - Next Luxury (6)

Check Price

Desert shoes should be a no-brainer when it comes to upping your shoe game, as they’re not only comfortable, they’re super stylish and will give any aesthetic a cool upgrade. Clarks have been around since the 1970s, so if you’re looking for a tried-and-true pair of kicks that’ll last and won’t break the bank, these babies are definitely for you.

Made with Nubuck leather, these desert shoes also feature a “central butt seam and crepe sole” and have over 45 five-star reviews on Clark’s website. The Clarks Desert Trek comes in a variety of colors – light taupe, black suede, beeswax, dark brown, and blue – and is available in sizes 7-13, so you’ll definitely be able to find the right color and size to fit your personal style.

7. Paul Smith Byron Leather Loafers

The 10 Best Leather Shoes for Men - Next Luxury (7)

Check Price

Loafers are one of the most classic silhouettes when it comes to shoes, and the Paul Smith Byron Leather Loafers are some of the best in the game. These mahogany brown, patent-leather loafers can be dressed up or down, but we recommend pairing them with designer denim, khakis, or even wearing them sock-less with shorts in the warmer weather; you can also throw on some chinos and a button-down to class ‘em up.

Made in Italy, the Paul Smith Byron Leather Loafers feature a penny-slot top strap, leather lining, a black rubber trek sole, and come in sizes 6-11.

8. Common Projects Original Leather Trainers

The 10 Best Leather Shoes for Men - Next Luxury (8)

Check Price

Every shoe fanatic knows that a classic pair of sneakers is a non-negotiable when it comes to building the ultimate footwear collection, and Common Projects Original Leather Trainers should absolutely be in your shoe rotation. Minimalists will love the classic and sleek all-white leather design, and the “signature gold-tone serial number across the heel” just adds to the simple luxury of these sneakers.

(Video) 40 Charcoal Grey Suit Brown Shoes Styles For Men

Made in Italy, these shoes also feature a round toe for a classic, casual look, a white rubber sole, and white leather lining. Pair with joggers and a plain white t-shirt for a laid-back but sophisticated street style look or wear them with your favorite pair of fitted jeans for a more classic style.

9. Red Wing Boots

The 10 Best Leather Shoes for Men - Next Luxury (9)

Check Price

If you’re looking for a sturdy leather boot that’ll also show off your cool, rugged style, Red Wing boots are undeniably one of your best options. One of the best things about Red Wings boots is that the more you wear them, the more they mold to your feet – which means over time, they’ll become some of the most comfortable boots you own.

Complete with a traction tread outsole and made from 100% leather, these boots are not only suitable for all-day wear, but they’re also built to last. It’s important to note that most people who’ve purchased these boots usually size a half size to one size down from their normal size, so keep that in mind when you’re buying them.

10. Santoni Double-buckle Leather Shoes

The 10 Best Leather Shoes for Men - Next Luxury (10)

Check Price

The Santoni Double-buckle Leather Shoes will undoubtedly make you stand out from the crowd in the best and most luxurious way possible. Made in Italy, these bad boys will offer some serious style to any outfit; whether you’re dressing for a wedding or just a casual night out on town, you really can’t go wrong with these classy shoes.

The almond toe is one of the most flattering shapes around when it comes to leather shoes, and the silver buckle details across the top of the shoe are a minimalist’s dream. The Santoni Double-buckle Leather Shoes also feature a 1.4” heel, so you’ll get a subtle lift when you wear them.

See more about - The 8 Best Business Casual Shoes for Men

Looking for different Shoes? Check out these top Shoes Style ideas.

The 10 Best Hiking Boots for Men

(Video) ⭐️ Epic ⭐️Top 10 Best Designer Luxury Sneakers

The 12 Best White Shoes for Men

The 12 Best Oxford Shoes for Men

Leather shoe FAQs

What are the benefits of leather shoes?

There are many benefits when it comes to leather shoes compared to canvas shoes or shoes made of other materials. While leather shoes may come with a higher price tag, it’s for a good reason. Leather shoes are durable, and those made of high-quality leather – like the shoes on our list – will last for years.

They’ll also mold to your foot over time, which means investing in a pair (or two) will guarantee your feet will stay comfortable no matter what you’re doing. Leather shoes are also easy to clean, and real leather is actually quite breathable, which means they’ll keep your feet cooler than your average pair of shoes made from other materials.

Can you wear them with any outfit?

You sure can! Leather trainers or sneakers can be worn casually, like with denim or joggers, and leather boots can also be dressed up or down, depending on what kind of style you’re going for. Almond toe leather shoes, like a few featured on the list above, typically pair better with formal wear or a dressier outfit, but anyone with a great sense of style can find a way to fit any type of leather shoe into their everyday wardrobe.

How do you take care of leather shoes?

Leather shoes are pretty easy to take care of. First off, you’re going to want to invest in a soft brush to clean the dirt off of your shoes. If your leather shoes are unfinished, invest in a good saddle soap to help keep them in tip-top shape.

Be gentle when you’re doing this — wipe off any excess soap after you lather them up, and let them dry naturally, as saddle soap contains wax and will help seal the leather after you wash them. If the leather has a finish, use a mild soap and damp cloth to carefully clean your kicks, and you should be good to go.

(Video) 90 Casual Fashion Styles For Men


What are the 3 types of leather in shoes? ›

Types of Leather & Shoe Material
  • Full grain leather.
  • Top grain leather.
  • Corrected grain leather.
  • Bonded leather.
Jun 11, 2019

Which is the world top brand men shoes? ›

A. Nike is the number 1 shoe brand globally as they have the best quality shoes for all men and women. You can get many designs, patterns, and colors of your choice. Nike is available online and has its own stores in India to make you buy a shoe easily.

What is the highest quality leather? ›

Full-Grain Leather Is the Best Quality

It is the most popular type of leather. It has not been snuffed, sanded, or buffed to remove any natural marks or imperfections from its surface. Its fibers are stable and durable because the grain has not been removed.

What shoes are men wearing in 2022? ›

Here are some of the most popular styles of men's shoes from this year and how to incorporate them into your wardrobe.
  • The Loafer Returns. ...
  • The Oxford Boot Revival. ...
  • The Derby Shoe Resurgence. ...
  • The Wingtip Shoe is Back. ...
  • The Penny Loafer Comeback. ...
  • The Chukka Boot Returns. ...
  • The Brogue Revival. ...
  • Conclusion.
Oct 7, 2022

What will men's shoe trends be like in 2023? ›

The resurgence of a classic menswear aesthetic will probably see an uptick in loafers, derbies (especially apron-toed oxfords), and suede chukka boots too, as men continue to diversify their casual footwear options. And of course, I think we're going to continue to see a lot of mules.”

What color of shoes go with everything? ›

What is the best neutral color for shoes? Neutral-hued shoes are fantastic because they go with anything, including all colors, patterns, and prints. In this case, it's best to stick to basics like black, white, cream, beige, brown, and gray, or switch things up and choose navy, which, yes, is considered neutral, too.

What is the Top 10 luxury brand? ›

The Top 10 Most Popular Luxury Brands in 2022
  • Gucci.
  • Dior.
  • Chanel.
  • Louis Vuitton.
  • Hermes.
  • Rolex.
  • Tiffany.
  • Prada.
Jan 12, 2023

What is the number 1 selling shoe brand? ›

Top 10 Largest Footwear Companies in the World 2020
RankCompany2019 Revenue ($ billion)
4VF Corp13.6
6 more rows
Apr 30, 2022

Which shoe brand is best in USA? ›

The Best Sneaker Brands, at a Glance
  • The Reigning Heavyweights: Nike, Adidas, New Balance, Converse, Vans.
  • The Underdogs: Reebok, Puma, Saucony.
  • The Running Gurus: On, Hoka, Asics.
  • The Specialists: Salomon, Common Projects, Jordan Brand.
  • The Class of Their Own: Luxury Designers.
3 days ago

What shoes are most luxurious? ›

1. Antonio Vietri Moon Star Shoes – $19.9 Million. Not even the best men's dress shoes can come close to the price of pure artistry of these diamond shoes. Considered the world's most expensive shoes of all time, Antonio Vietri's Moon Star Shoes are made with 30 carats of diamonds, solid gold, and a meteorite from 1576 ...

What shoe brand is the most popular in 2022? ›

Teenagers' leading footwear brands in the U.S. 2022

Nike won an overwhelming majority of the vote, 52 percentage points ahead of their closest competitors, Converse, Vans, and adidas.

Which brand is famous for leather? ›

One of the most famous leather brands in the USA is Capri Holdings Limited which was established in 1981 by Michael Kors. This company is best known for its products such as handbags, accessories, and apparel, etc. Leather products that they produce also include shoes, jackets and sandals.

What is the longest lasting leather? ›

Full Grain Leather

Full grain is the longest lasting, highest quality grade of leather available. It holds the pattern of the animal's skin and has a soft, natural look and warm feel. Because it comes from the top layer of the cow's hide, full grain leather is stronger and more breathable than others.

Who produces the best leather? ›

The short answer is that the Italians, quite frankly, are the best and the most skilled leather craftsmen. There is no other country in the world that can match the quality, and this is largely due to the very skilled artisans, the quality hides used in their products and their dye making process.

What shoe brands are good quality? ›

The Top Shoe Brands You Should Buy From If You Want Quality
  • Adidas. One of the most popular shoe brands in the world is Adidas. ...
  • Nike. It is impossible to find someone who hasn't heard of Nike or their popular slogan “Just do it”. ...
  • Converse. Everyone loves Converse. ...
  • Vans.

Who makes high quality shoes? ›

Top International Shoe Manufacturers and Companies
CompanyNo. of Employees
1.Adidas AG56,888
4.Burberry Group plc10,000
8 more rows

What shoes will be popular in 2023? ›

In 2023, sleek, heeled, black leather boots will be the most popular shoe on everyone's feet. The key to this trend is wearability—the heel height itself shouldn't be very high at all! Instead, look for a boot with a kitten heel height.

What is the new shoe trend 2022? ›

Platform Everything

And in 2022, heightened heels, the aforementioned Mary Janes, and boots of all varieties are still very much having a moment. The good news? This trend is inclusive of the easier-to-walk-in wedge, ideal for those prone to teetering in a too-tall heel.

What shoes are currently in style? ›

21 Shoe Trends 2022 to Shop Now
  • Kitten Heels. (Image credit: Getty Images) ...
  • Party Shoes. (Image credit: Getty Images) ...
  • Colorful Shoes. Valentino / Stella McCartney. ...
  • Lace-Up Boots. Miu Miu / Dior. ...
  • Thigh high boots. runway pictures from Brandon Maxwell & Prabal Gurung. ...
  • Platform Heels. ...
  • Ballet flats. ...
  • '90s Mules.
Nov 23, 2022

What are the fashion trends for 2023? ›

Below are the 2023 style trends to look out for, according to the experts.
  • 2023 Style Trend: Oversized Everything. ...
  • 2023 Style Trend: Corsets, Corsets, Corsets. ...
  • 2023 Style Trend: Sheer Fabrics. ...
  • 2023 Style Trend: Cutouts. ...
  • 2023 Style Trend: Minidresses and Skirts. ...
  • 2023 Style Trend: A Y2K Revival.
Dec 26, 2022

What is the next fashion trend 2023? ›

2023 Fashion Trend: Maxi Skirts

In line with the aforementioned cargo and denim trends, expect lots of low-rise, pocket-adorned silhouettes and floor-grazing jean skirts, as well as styles in various prints and unexpected materials like velvet.

Which Colour shoes is best for men? ›

I recommend sticking with a black/white, black/grey/white (like above), or navy/white color to ensure that your sneakers compliment all your outfits. Other crazy colors like neon green or a bright red will only draw attention away from your outfit which is why I'm not recommending those colors.

What color looks best on everyone? ›

The Universal Colours That Will Suit Everyone
  • Purple. Regal and refined, a classic shade of purple works for everyone, without exception. ...
  • Teal. Not only universal, but also extremely versatile - teal will work for you whether you have a fair skin tone, dark hair, bright blue or dark brown eyes. ...
  • White.

How many pairs of shoes should you own? ›

The traditional rule of elegant dressing recommended seven pairs of shoes, that is, as many pairs as there are days of the week.

Which luxury brand has the best leather? ›

Named the world's most valuable luxury brand for six years in a row, Louis Vuitton is synonymous with leather goods of the highest quality.

What is the most luxury brand for men? ›

Iconic Men's Luxury Brands
  • Gucci. Founded in 1921, Gucci is best known for its extravagant style, luxurious textiles, and is easily recognisable for its iconic webbed stripes. ...
  • Tom Ford. ...
  • Burberry. ...
  • Ralph Lauren. ...
  • Giorgio Armani. ...
  • Dolce & Gabbana. ...
  • Louis Vuitton. ...
  • Alexander McQueen.
Mar 16, 2022

What is the most famous luxury brand 2022? ›

The annual report on the most valuable and strongest luxury & premium brands Ranking
23Louis Vuitton
21 more rows

What is the greatest shoe of all time? ›

The 15 best sneakers of all time: Nike Air Jordan to Adidas Stan...
  • New Balance 990 (1982)
  • Nike Air Max 1 (1987)
  • Nike Air Huarache (1991)
  • Adidas Stan Smith (1963)
  • Nike Air Force 1 (1982)
  • Vans Half Cab (1992)
  • Reebok Ex-O-Fit (1983)
  • Nike Air Jordan 11 (1996)

What is the oldest shoe brand? ›

The Frye Company is an American manufacturer of shoes, boots and leather accessories. Founded in 1863, it claims to be the oldest continuously operated American shoe company.

What is the number one shoe in America? ›

Largest Shoe Brands Research Summary

The largest shoe brand in the US is Nike, with a revenue of $44.538 billion and over 75,000 employees. As of 2022, the US shoe industry has a market size of $85.84 billion.

Which is the best footwear brand in the world? ›

Top Manufacturing Companies and Brands in the Footwear Industry:
  • Nike Incorporation. Establishment: 1964. ...
  • Adidas AG. Establishment: 1949. ...
  • PUMA. Establishment: 1948. ...
  • Geox S.p.A. Establishment: 1995. ...
  • Skechers USA, Incorporation. Establishment: 1992. ...
  • Crocs Retail, Inc. Establishment: 2002. ...
  • Timberland LLC. ...
  • Ecco Sko A/S.

Which brand has most stylish shoes? ›

Woodland – Best Shoes Brands in India

One of the most well-known shoe brands in India is Woodland. Since its 1992 founding, the business has been well-known for its stylish, long-lasting footwear. With a vast selection of goods to choose from, Woodland shoes are made to be both functional and fashionable.

What are high quality shoes? ›

Higher quality shoes are made from better materials, with better construction, which will look better and last longer.

What is an Italian luxury shoe brand? ›

Gucci. High fashion house founded in 1921 in Florence, Gucci produces clothes, bags and of course shoes, among the most famous Italian ones sold all over the world. Gucci offers shoes capable of harmoniously blending craftsmanship, modernity with an eclectic style that stands out from any other shoe.

What are the best shoes for standing all day? ›

Best Work Shoe for Standing All Day: adidas Ultraboost 22 Men's | adidas Ultraboost 22 Women's. Best Athletic Shoe for Standing All Day: Hoka One One Bondi 7 Men's | Hoka One One Bondi 7 Women's. Best Men's Shoe for Standing All Day: Nike Air Zoom Tempo. Best Women's Shoe for Standing All Day: Nike React Infinity 3.

What type of leather is used in footwear? ›

Cow hide is the most common choice of shoe leather but the fashion market also uses more exotic leathers such as ostrich or crocodile. Suede is a popular form of shoe leather because of its softness and comfort. Nubuck offers the same level of comfort but is a stronger and more durable leather.

What are 3 things considered in the design of a shoe? ›

A typical shoe consists of three basic components: the outsole, the midsole, and the upper. Each of these components is comprised of materials that vary greatly in weight and density.

What type of leather are most shoes made of? ›

It is common for uppers to be made from cowhide, calfskin, goatskin, sheepskin and even horsehide at a premium price. Skins of exotic animals are also used to make shoe uppers, including Crocodile leather, snake leather and many other exotic leathers.

What are 3 materials that athletic shoes are made of? ›

There are several types of fabrics, there are countless versions and raw materials involved, from Natural to Synthetic Fibers. The most commonly used are Polyamide, Polyester, and Nylon. But we also see Lycra, Cotton, and Wool being used in decent volumes.

What are the 4 types of leather? ›

There are generally considered four types of leather quality grades, listed from best to worst: full grain leather, top grain leather, genuine leather, and bonded leather.

What is the toughest leather for shoes? ›

SHARKSKIN. One of the toughest leathers of them all, it is very easily recognized for its distinct grain. It is practically scuff-proof and has a long life for work and dress.

What is the softest leather in the world? ›

Lambskin is the softest sort of leather available since it originates from an animal that has not fully matured, unlike other types of hide. Its delicate, airy layered structure gives it an incredibly smooth, velvet-like touch.

What is the most important factor when buying shoes? ›

Besides the right shoe size and width, an optimal fit, skilful workmanship and the use of high-quality materials for the upper, lining and outsole are also important factors when it comes to quality and selection. We want you to stay feeling comfortable in your shoes for as long as possible.

How do you judge the quality of shoes? ›

Your Essential Physical Quality Checklist for Shoes
  1. Size and Fitting. ...
  2. Metal Contamination. ...
  3. Bond Testing. ...
  4. Zip and Fastener Fatigue and Quality Testing. ...
  5. Accessory Pull Testing. ...
  6. Color Fastness - Rub Testing. ...
  7. QIMA - The Complete Solution.

What is the most popular shoe of all time? ›


The first Air Jordan was produced for Michael Jordan during his time with the Chicago Bulls in 1984 and designed by Peter B. Moore.

Which is better cow leather or goat leather? ›

1. Goat Leather vs Cowhide Leather. Talking about goat leather vs cow leather, goat hides offer superior stretch, softness, and flexibility than cowhide. In contrast, cow leather packs are known for their incredible toughness and are suitable for insulation and holding heavyweight goods.

What is the most popular type of leather? ›

Top Grain leather is the most commonly used leather for the production of quality goods because it is thinner, more pliable and less expensive than Full Grain. A variant of Top Grain leather is 'Corrected' leather.

What are quality shoes made of? ›

High quality shoes will be made from leather, including the sole. There are different types of leather available but the best leather you want for your dress shoes should be full grain leather. The second part to look out for is whether the shoes have been machine or hand cut.

Which outer material is best for shoes? ›

Leather is commonly used as an outsole. In footwear, PVC is often found in outsoles as well as synthetic leathers and coated fabrics for a shoe's upper.
Used in outsoles because of it's elasticity, flexbility and resistance to abrasion, impact and weather.
  • Bioplastics.
  • EcoTPU.
  • Natural Rubber.

What pair of shoes do people wear for sports? ›

Sneakers (also called trainers, athletic shoes, tennis shoes, gym shoes, kicks, sport shoes, flats, running shoes, or runners) are shoes primarily designed for sports or other forms of physical exercise, but which are also widely used for everyday casual wear.


1. THE 10 BEST BOOTS FOR MEN (UPDATED) | Chelsea, Moc Toe, Toughest, Luxury, and More!
2. Worth Every Penny - 12 Expensive Products For Men That Are Worth Their Money - Gentleman's Gazette
(Gentleman's Gazette)
3. 60 Winter Outfits For Men
(Next Luxury)
4. 5 BEST BOOTS for MEN [2022] | Don't Miss Out On These
5. THE 10 BEST AMERICAN MADE BOOTS (with @TrentonHeath)
6. 90 Trendy Popular Men's Fashion Styles
(Next Luxury)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Maia Crooks Jr

Last Updated: 03/31/2023

Views: 6412

Rating: 4.2 / 5 (63 voted)

Reviews: 86% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Maia Crooks Jr

Birthday: 1997-09-21

Address: 93119 Joseph Street, Peggyfurt, NC 11582

Phone: +2983088926881

Job: Principal Design Liaison

Hobby: Web surfing, Skiing, role-playing games, Sketching, Polo, Sewing, Genealogy

Introduction: My name is Maia Crooks Jr, I am a homely, joyous, shiny, successful, hilarious, thoughtful, joyous person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.